In part one of this series we introduced the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)  to include its history and their prominent programs. This article features the historian occupation (GS-0170) and its unique role within the FWS.
This series includes positions the duties of which are to advise on, administer, supervise, or perform research or other work in the field of history when such work requires a professional knowledge of established methods and techniques of historical research in the collection, evaluation, analysis, or presentation of historical facts.
The federal government employs 765 historians of which 30 work overseas . The Department of the Air Force is the largest employer with 197 civilians followed by the Department of the Interior  with 171 and the Department of the Army employs 158. All but two cabinet level agencies employ workers in this group including a few large independent agencies.
Historians in the Federal Government are engaged in one or more of the following major areas:
- Planning and conducting special historical studies relating to current problems for use by agency officials and others in developing or modifying policies and programs.
- Planning and conducting continuing or long-range historical studies to record the policies, programs, and operations of their particular agencies.
- Planning and preparing scholarly narrative or documentary histories for publication.
- Planning and conducting historical studies in connection with the establishment, conservation, restoration, reconstruction, and interpretation to the public of sites of major significance in the military, political, economic, and cultural history of the United States.
Regardless of the area of endeavor involved, historian positions at full performance levels typically include responsibility for project planning and research and presentation functions
Q&A with Mark Madison
Mark Madison is an historian, (GS-0170) for the FWS and works at the National Conservation Training Center, Shepherdstown, WV.
Why did you want to become a historian?
My father was a historian so I was genetically predisposed. History was my favorite reading material as a child and adult. I actually started as a biologist but got lured back to history through the history of science.
What are the top three most interesting aspects of your job?
- We get new historical objects almost every day we just got a 5200-pound printing press.
- I have just started social media with a Facebook , Twitter , and Instagram  feeds. It is new and keeps me humble as to my tech abilities.
- The FWS has the most interesting history in the federal government ranging from Rachel Carson to Red Wolves.
What is the most interesting historical find you ever came across?
A little mammal and we have a taxidermy black-footed that was rediscovered in 1981 after the species had been declared extinct in 1979. That little ferret helped save a species.
Would you recommend the historian occupation as a good career path?
Any subject you are passionate about is a good career path. I was passionate about history and conservation so being a historian for the FWS was a great choice.
- Must be a U.S. citizen to apply.
- Successful completion of a full 4-year course of study in an accredited college or university leading to a bachelor’s or higher degree in History; or related field that included at least 18 semester hours in history.
- Professional experience that reflects knowledge of history concepts and techniques and available sources.
- Methods and techniques of historical research in the collection, evaluation, analysis, and presentation of historical facts.
- Research and write historical materials, and conducting special studies and creating other historical products such as oral histories.
- Perform research, analysis, evaluates and produces written historical reports about origins, or evolution.
- Prepare analytical studies of complex program issues, administrative summaries.
- Provide training publications to employees and the public with a general understanding of the history of an agency and its activities.
- Plan and execute a historical research program that documents of an agency’s history.
- Provides guidance and advice to regional offices, divisions, and field stations on completing historical research, studies, and oral histories involving an agency’s history.
- Plans, reviews, and evaluates projects initiated by other offices.
- Knowledge of requirements and procedures required to initiate, and monitor contracts for historical research and studies.
In part 3 we will meet Valerie Fellows a public affairs specialist, (GS-1035) for the FWS.
- Anita Noguera, Manager, BPHC Marketing Communications, Falls Church, VA
- Photos were provided by the Fish and Wildlife Service
Other Career Information
- Human Resources site at http://www.fws.gov/humancapital/ .
- Employment: http://www.doi.gov/public/findajob.cfm 
- Job Listings by Occupation 
- USA Jobs (OPM) 
Helpful Career Planning Tools
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- Take Charge of Your Federal Career ; An Action Oriented Career Management Workbook for Federal Employees
Visit our other informative site
- http://FederalJobs.net  (Explore occupations and find jobs)
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- http://www.SearchFedJobs.com (Consolidated job search)
- Federal Employee’s Career Development & IDP Center 
The information provided may not cover all aspects of unique or special circumstances, federal and postal regulations, and programs are subject to change. Our articles and replies are time sensitive. Over time, various dynamic human resource guidance and factors relied upon as a basis for this article may change. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation and this service is not affiliated with OPM, the postal service or any federal entity. You should consult with school counselors, hiring agency personnel offices, and human resource professionals where appropriate. Neither the publisher or author shall be liable for any loss or any other commercial damages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages.
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