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Judicial Branch Job Opportunities

 

 

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Federal Court Jobs - Supreme Court, Lower Courts, and Special Courts Opportunities

Page updated 4/11/2017

Federal Court Jobs with the Judicial Branch  / Supreme Court Jobs / Lower and Special Court Jobs

Article III, Section 1, of the Constitution of the United States provides that “the judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.” The Supreme Court was established on September 24, 1789. Federal Court jobs include 33,760 legal professionals, clerks, administrative personnel, secretaries, and other related specialties. The Supreme Court of the United States, Lower Courts, Special Courts, Administrative Office of the United States Courts, Federal Judicial Center United States, and the Sentencing Commission make up the Judicial Branch of the U.S. Government.

The Federal court system tries actual cases — parties must show harm has been done in order to bring a suit to court. The Federal courts don't issue advisory opinions on the constitutionality of laws or their legality if a ruling would not have a practical effect. Cases within the Judiciary branch typically proceed from district court to appellate court and can end up at the  Supreme Court. Few cases make it through the system to the Supreme Court. Federal courts enjoy the sole power to interpret the law, determine the constitutionality of the law, and apply it to individual cases. The lower courts must follow the decisions of the Supreme Court and apply the Supreme Court's determination to the facts of a particular case in the lower courts.

Federal Court jobs include positions that are advisory in nature. Court officers and specialists administer, perform, or supervise, legal work of a professional nature to prepare for trial and argument cases. Court employees  preside at formal commission hearings, boards, or entity that has quasijudicial powers, as part of its administrative procedure, the administration of agency law, and act in all official capacities of the courts. The majority of Federal Court jobs are listed under the GS-0900 Legal, Law and Attorneys Group

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Judicial Branch Contact Information

THE SUPREME COURT
One First Street NE,
Washington, DC 20543
(202) 479-3000, www.supremecourtus.gov 

Composed of the chief justice and eight associate justices, who are nominated by the president of the United States.

LOWER COURTS
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts,
Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Bldg.
One Columbus Circle NE,
Washington, DC 20544
(202) 502-2600

The 12 circuits include all states. There are 89 district offices located throughout the country. Consult your local telephone book for offices located near you. Includes Court of Appeals, U.S. District Courts, Territorial Courts, Court of International Trade, and the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation.

SPECIAL COURTS
Clerk’s Office, U.S. Court of Federal Claims
717 Madison Place NW.,
Washington, DC 20005
(202) 357-6400

Consists of the U. S. Claims Court, Court of International Trade, Court of Military Appeals, United States Tax Court, Temporary Emergency Court of Appeals, Court of Veterans Appeals, and others.

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF U.S. COURTS
Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Bldg.
One Columbus Circle NE,
Washington, DC 20544
(202) 502-2600, www.uscourts.gov 

Charged with the nonjudicial, administrative business of U.S. courts. Includes the following divisions; Bankruptcy, Court Admin, Defender Services, Financial Management, General Counsel, Magistrates, Personnel, Probation, and Statistical Analysis.

FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER
Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Bldg.
One Columbus Circle NE,
Washington DC 20002-8003
(202) 502-4000, www.fjc.gov 

The Federal Judiciary Center is the agency for policy research and continuing education.

U.S. SENTENCING COMMISSION
Suite 2-500, South Lobby,
One Columbus Circle NE,
Washington DC 20002-8002
(202) 502-4500, www.ussc.gov 

U.S. Sentencing Commission develops sentencing guidelines and policies for the federal courts.

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