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General Schedule (GS) Pay Scales

2020 General Schedule (GS) Pay Scale

 

Page updated 1/1/2020

2020 GS Pay Scales | General Schedule Pay Scale | Wage Grade Pay Scale | Executive Pay Scales

 

On this page you will find government pay scale & salary information for various pay grades & localities in 2020. All General Schedule (GS) government employees in the U.S. earn more than the base rate pay through locality adjustments. Locality pay rates for all areas are listed on this site. For those not in a specific locality area use the table titled Rest of U.S. The GS-9 step-1 pay on the Base Rate Chart is $45,849. The same grade pays $53,034 on the Rest of U.S. chart and $56,454 in the San Jose, San Francisco-Oakland areas. Look up the locality tables for your metropolitan area to determine the actual salary for your location.

 Federal Pay

2018 Pay Increase Federal civilian employees will see an average 3.1% pay increase starting January 1, 2020; a 2.6% increase in basic pay, with an average 0.5% increase in locality pay. The President signed an Executive Order on December 20th officially averting a second government shutdown in 2019.  The 3.1% pay raise 2020 charts are now available along with new paid parental leave benefits providing all federal employees with up to 12 weeks of paid parental leave per year. 

 Seminars Federal Employee Retirement Benefits Seminars – Check Availability

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2020 Annual Rates by GS Pay grade and Step

New 2020 Pay Charts

Approximately 10 percent of total federal non-postal employment is classified under the Wage Grade (WG) blue-collar pay schedules. Wage Grade workers, typically those who work in the trades or general labor, are placed in a five step pay system and their pay is based on competitive rates that are established by an annual wage survey. The Department of Defense employs the largest number of Wage Grade workers. If you work in this group view the Wage Grade Rate Tables for these occupations. Just look for your GS pay grade and pay grade step to find your annual rate.

Salary Charts & Pay Information:

 

 

SALARY TABLE 2020-GS (BASE)

 

INCORPORATING THE 2.6% GENERAL SCHEDULE INCREASE

EFFECTIVE JANUARY 2020

Grade Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Step 5 Step 6 Step 7 Step 8 Step 9 Step 10 WGI
1

19543

20198

20848

21494

22144

22524

23166

23814

23840

24448

VARIES
2

21974

22497

23225

23840

24108

24817

25526

26235

26944

27653

VARIES
3

23976

24775

25574

26373

27172

27971

28770

29569

30368

31167

799
4

26915

27812

28709

29606

30503

31400

32297

33194

34091

34988

897
5

30113

31117

32121

33125

34129

35133

36137

37141

38145

39149

1004
6

33567

34686

35805

36924

38043

39162

40281

41400

42519

43638

1119
7

37301

38544

39787

41030

42273

43516

44759

46002

47245

48488

1243
8

41310

42687

44064

45441

46818

48195

49572

50949

52326

53703

1377
9

45627

47148

48669

50190

51711

53232

54753

56274

57795

59316

1521
10

50246

51921

53596

55271

56946

58621

60296

61971

63646

65321

1675
11

55204

57044

58884

60724

62564

64404

66244

68084

69924

71764

1840
12

66167

68373

70579

72785

74991

77197

79403

81609

83815

86021

2206
13

78681

81304

83927

86550

89173

91796

94419

97042

99665

102288

2623
14

92977

96076

99175

102274

105373

108472

111571

114670

117769

120868

3099
15

109366

113012

116658

120304

123950

127596

131242

134888

138534

142180

3646

 

Check out the 2020 GS pay scale below. Annual base rates by grade and step

Note: This is a base rate chart. All federal employees receive pay adjustments above the base rate chart in the form of  locality pay adjustments. To determine what your annual pay will be for your location view our Locality Pay Charts.

2020 HOURLY RATE SCHEDULE

SALARY TABLE 2020-GS
INCORPORATING THE 2.6% GENERAL SCHEDULE INCREASE
EFFECTIVE JANUARY 2020
Hourly Basic (B) Rates by Grade and Step
Hourly Title 5 Overtime (O) Rates for FLSA-Exempt Employees by Grade and Step

Note: This is a base rate chart. All federal employees receive pay adjustments above the base rate chart in the form of  locality pay adjustments. To determine the hourly rate for your location view our Locality Pay Charts for your area.
Grade B/O Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Step 5 Step 6 Step 7 Step 8 Step 9 Step 10
1 B 9.36 9.68 9.99 10.30 10.61 10.79 11.10 11.41 11.42 11.71
O 14.04 14.52 14.99 15.45 15.92 16.19 16.65 17.12 17.13 17.57
2 B 10.53 10.78 11.13 11.42 11.55 11.89 12.23 12.57 12.91 13.25
O 15.80 16.17 16.70 17.13 17.33 17.84 18.35 18.86 19.37 19.88
3 B 11.49 11.87 12.25 12.64 13.02 13.40 13.79 14.17 14.55 14.93
O 17.24 17.81 18.38 18.96 19.53 20.10 20.69 21.26 21.83 22.40
4 B 12.90 13.33 13.76 14.19 14.62 15.05 15.48 15.91 16.33 16.76
O 19.35 20.00 20.64 21.29 21.93 22.58 23.22 23.87 24.50 25.14
5 B 14.43 14.91 15.39 15.87 16.35 16.83 17.32 17.80 18.28 18.76
O 21.65 22.37 23.09 23.81 24.53 25.25 25.98 26.70 27.42 28.14
6 B 16.08 16.62 17.16 17.69 18.23 18.76 19.30 19.84 20.37 20.91
O 24.12 24.93 25.74 26.54 27.35 28.14 28.95 29.76 30.56 31.37
7 B 17.87 18.47 19.06 19.66 20.26 20.85 21.45 22.04 22.64 23.23
O 26.81 27.71 28.59 29.49 30.39 31.28 32.18 33.06 33.96 34.85
8 B 19.79 20.45 21.11 21.77 22.43 23.09 23.75 24.41 25.07 25.73

SALARY TABLE 2020 - RUS

SALARY TABLE 2020-RUS
INCORPORATING THE 2.6% GENERAL SCHEDULE INCREASE AND A LOCALITY PAYMENT OF 15.95%
TOTAL INCREASE: 2.85%
FOR THE LOCALITY PAY AREA OF REST OF U.S.
EFFECTIVE JANUARY 2020
Annual Rates by Grade and Step

 

Note: This is a base rate chart for those not covered in one of the 47 Locality Areas. If your town is not included in a specific locality areas this chart reflects your pay.

 

Grade Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Step 5 Step 6 Step 7 Step 8 Step 9 Step 10
1

22660

23420

24173

24922

25676

26117

26861

27612

27642

28347

2

25479

26085

26929

27642

27953

28775

29597

30419

31242

32064

3

27800

28727

29653

30579

31506

32432

33359

34285

35212

36138

4

31208

32248

33288

34328

35368

36408

37448

38488

39529

40569

5

34916

36080

37244

38408

39573

40737

41901

43065

44229

45393

6

38921

40218

41516

42813

44111

45408

46706

48003

49301

50598

7

43251

44692

46133

47574

49016

50457

51898

53339

54781

56222

8

47899

49496

51092

52689

54285

55882

57479

59075

60672

62269

9

52905

54668

56432

58195

59959

61723

63486

65250

67013

68777

10

58260

60202

62145

64087

66029

67971

69913

71855

73798

75740

11

64009

66143

68276

70409

72543

74676

76810

78943

81077

83210

12

76721

79278

81836

84394

86952

89510

92068

94626

97183

99741

13

91231

94272

97313

100355

103396

106437

109479

112520

115562

118603

14

107807

111400

114993

118587

122180

125773

129367

132960

136553

140146

15

126810

131037

135265

139492

143720

147948

152175

156403

160630

164858

 

2020 Executive & Senior Level Employee Pay Tables

SES Application Assistance

 

General Schedule (GS) How it Works

General Schedule (GS) base pay varies from the GS-1 level at $19,543 per annum to $142,180 per annum at step 10 of the GS-15 grade, not including locality pay adjustments. The Senior Executive Service salary tops out at $219,200 per annum. The average annual salary for full-time non-postal employees has increased to just over $83,500 in 2014. Starting pay depends on the level of experience, education and complexity of the position applied for. You may also be able to negotiate your starting salary if your previous employer pay was greater than step 1 of the pay grade you are hired into.

Each GS grade has 10 pay steps. Currently, a GS-9 starts at $45,627 for step 1 and reaches $59,313 per year at step 10 (not including locality pay adjustments). At the GS-9 grade, each pay step adds $1,521 to the annual salary. Pay steps are earned based on time in service and the employee’s work performance. General Schedule employees are referred to as white-collar workers under the federal classification system. There are 53 locality pay areas.

2020 Locality Payments

 

Locality pay adjustments basically level the playing field for all federal employees across the country in different major metropolitan areas. OPM is added the following Locality Pay Areas: Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL; Burlington-South Burlington, VT; San Antonio-New Braunfels-Pearsall, TX; and Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA-NC last year. The proposed rule also added two “Rest of U.S.” locations to the geographic definitions of two existing locality pay areas and making minor, clarifying changes to the names of two locality pay areas. The 53 designated locality area salaries are adjusted by comparing GS and non-Federal pay in each locality pay area, based on salary surveys conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

The lowest adjustment to the basic rate schedule listed above is for the "Rest of the US." This group includes federal employees that do not reside in one of the 53 locality rate areas. The highest locality rate is assigned to for the San Jose, San-Francisco-Oakland California locality area.  You can determine what your salary would be at any location by using OPM's salary calculator that you will find under resources on this page. 

 Locality Areas

Locality Pay Tables (Click on the locality area to view the pay table)

Historical Rates

 

UPDATE: Six additional areas will be added in 2018, one for Virginia Beach, VA and a second one for those working in and around Burlington, Vt. There were thirteen cities added to the 2016 locality rate tables. The 13 cities included Albany, N.Y.; Albuquerque, N.M.; Austin, Texas; Charlotte, N.C.; Colorado Springs, Co.; Davenport, Iowa; Harrisburg, Pa.; Kansas City, Mo.; Laredo, Texas; Las Vegas, Nev.; Palm Bay, Fla.; St. Louis, Mo.; and Tucson, Ariz.

Basic Pay

It's important to note that a locality rate is considered basic pay for computing the following, as applicable:

  • Deductions for benefits including retirement
  • Premiums for life insurance and benefits
  • Premium pay and premium pay limitations
  • Pay Advances
  • Severance pay
  • Lump-sum payments for accrued and accumulated annual leave
  • Post differentials under 5 U.S.C. 5925(a) and danger pay allowances under 5 U.S.C. 5928 for an employee temporarily working in a foreign area when the employee's official worksite is located in a locality pay area
  • Post differentials under 5 U.S.C. 5941 and 5 CFR part 591, subpart B, for an employee temporarily working in a nonforeign area when the employee's official worksite is located in a locality pay area”--with “Nonforeign area cost-of-living allowances and post differentials under 5 U.S.C. 5941 and 5 CFR part 591, subpart B
  • Relocation, recruitment, and retention incentives, supervisory differentials, and extended assignment incentives
  • Performance-based cash awards when the award is computed as a percentage of an employee's rate of basic pay
  • GS pay administration provisions (e.g., promotions) to the extent provided in 5 CFR part 531, subpart B
  • Pay administration provisions for prevailing rate employees which consider rates of basic pay under the GS pay system in setting pay (except as otherwise provided in 5 CFR part 532), subject to the requirement that, if the employee's actual locality rate would not apply at the official worksite for the prevailing rate position, that locality rate must be converted to a corresponding rate on the locality rate schedule for that official worksite; and
  • Grade and pay retention to the extent provided in 5 CFR part 536

Reference: 5 U.S.C. 5304(c)(2) and 5 CFR 531.610.)

Wage Grade (WG) How it Works

The government’s Personnel Classification System includes Wage Grade occupations grouped into families of like jobs. The 36 occupational families range from WG-2500 to WG-9000. Each occupational family has its own group number and title which makes it distinctive from every other family grouping. View the list of the Wage Grade Families that are concentrated in the trades and labor occupations.  

Wage Grade Salary Tables

The Department of Defense (DOD) issues wage schedules and they conduct Federal Wage System (FWS) surveys. The Department of Defense's Advisory Service maintains these rates and publishes them on their website. Visit the FWS wage schedules website for updated 2020 WG pay scales & schedules for your area. 

Update: The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is issuing a proposed rule that would redefine the geographic boundaries of the New York, NY, and Philadelphia, PA, appropriated fund Federal Wage System (FWS) wage areas. The proposed rule would redefine the Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst portions of Burlington County, NJ, and Ocean County, NJ, that are currently defined to the Philadelphia wage area to the New York wage area so that the entire Joint Base is covered by a single wage schedule. This change is based on a majority recommendation of the Federal Prevailing Rate Advisory Committee (FPRAC), the national labor-management committee responsible for advising OPM on the administration of the FWS.

Special Compensations Systems

There are a number of special compensation systems that augment the general schedule pay scale. Physicians receive signing bonuses for a one-year continued-service agreement and additional bonuses for two years. The Federal Aviation Administration pays employees in safety-related careers under a “Core Compensation” multi-pay band system. Organizations such as the General Accounting Office (GAO), NASA, and the Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology either are exempt from or have exceptions to the GS pay system.  You can search special rate schedules for your area at the OPM website.

Federal employee special pay and benefits apply to eligible civilian employee that are assigned to duty in designated foreign areas, including Iraq and Afghanistan. Three departments, including The Department of Defense, the Department of State, and the Department of Labor administer most of the pay and benefits programs offered to such employees.  Certain foreign areas may be determined to have a special status due to U.S. military operations in the area or for other reasons.  Pay and benefits may vary depending on pay system of the employee, the assignment location, scope and nature of duties, and nature other assignment.

As missions in overseas locations change, certain authorities and benefits can also change.  We recommend that employees contact their agency’s human resources and/or benefits officers to determine if their overseas location qualifies for the authorities listed below.

 

Physician's Comparability Allowance (PCA)

The head of each agency must determine categories of physician positions for which there is a significant recruitment and retention problem. A PCA may be paid only to physicians serving in positions in one of the categories. In determining the categories the agency must, as a minimum, establish as separate categories the following types of positions:

Clinical Positions: Positions primarily involving the practice of medicine or direct service to patients, involving the performance of diagnostic, preventive, or therapeutic services to patients in hospitals, clinics, public health programs, diagnostic centers, and similar settings.

Research Positions: Positions primarily involving the conduct of medical research and experimental work, including the conduct of medical work pertaining to food, drugs, cosmetics, and devices (or the review or evaluation of such medical research and experimental work), or the identification of causes or sources of disease or disease outbreaks.

Occupational Health: Positions primarily involving the evaluation of physical fitness, or the provision of initial treatment of on-the-job illness or injury, or the performance of preemployment examinations, preventive health screenings, or fitness-for-duty examinations.

Disability Evaluation and Administration of Health and Medical Programs: Positions involving disability evaluation and rating, the performance of medicolegal autopsies, training activities, or the administration of medical and health programs, including the administration of patient care or medical research and experimental programs.

  • PCA Payments: Agencies may pay a PCA of up to $14,000 annually to a physician with 24 months or less of service as a Government physician. Agencies may pay a PCA of up to $30,000 annually to a physician with more than 24 months of service as a Government physician. PCAs are subject to the aggregate limitation on pay under 5 U.S.C. 5307 and 5 CFR part 530, subpart B.

Pay - Related Legislative Changes

These changes are incorporated in the National Defense Authorization Act, FY 2019

Additional Resources

 

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