Page updated 5/5/2015
Federal law enforcement jobs are available in most federal agencies. However, the largest numbers are employed by Homeland Security, the Justice, Treasury, and Defense Departments. There are law enforcement jobs available nationwide and overseas. Homeland Security (DHS) was formed after the September 11th 2001 attacks, to protect the nation against terrorism. The Department was the first addition in over 40 years to the Executive branch. Explore viable federal law enforcement careers on this site to find a suitable position that matches your experience, education, and background.
Homeland Security is now the third largest department, employing over 180,000 federal workers. This new agency consolidated 22 agencies from various departments to unify the war on terror. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has had a significant impact on federal law enforcement jobs and many law enforcement functions were transferred to DHS.
The federal government employs law enforcement personnel in more than 40 job series (see table 11-1 for detailed information. Most agencies incorporate federal law enforcement jobs in some capacity or another. It’s important to realize that work in law enforcement is not limited to investigative, police, compliance and security positions. There are tens of thousands of federal employees working in occupations that provide direct support to these groups. Use our site to search all of the federal law enforcement careers available.
Many federal law enforcement jobs including investigative jobs are subject to age requirements, applicants must be 21 years of age and under age of 37 when they receive the appointment. Other law enforcement positions require you to be 21 years old and you must be a United States citizen. Age requirements often vary between federal agencies. The job announcement always lists job qualifications for the position. If you desire to work in the law enforcement field, and you are over age 37, your have limited options and may have to work in a support positions that doesn't have an age limit.
FBI agents must investigate over 200 categories of Federal laws and they conduct highly sensitive national security investigations. They often conduct surveillance, monitor authorized wiretaps, investigate white-collar crime, examine business records, or participate in undercover assignments. FBI Agents investigate a wide range of criminal activities. Numerous FBI jobs are filled to investigate organized and financial crimes, public corruption, bank robbery, kidnapping, terrorism, espionage, drug trafficking, and cybercrime.
Many other Federal agents enforce laws including the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) that enforces regulations relating to illegal drugs. The U.S. marshals and deputy marshals work for the Federal courts to provide security and to ensure the judicial system operates effectively. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives agents enforce and investigate Federal firearms and explosives laws violations, as well as Federal alcohol and tobacco tax regulations. The battle against terrorism is managed by special agents with the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Diplomatic Security.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) employs many law enforcement officers with Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Customs and Border Protection, and the U.S. Secret Service. More than 8,000 miles of international land and water boundaries are protected by U.S. Border Patrol agents. Immigration inspectors interview and examine people seeking entry into the United States and its territories. Customs inspectors enforce laws governing imports and exports by inspecting cargo, baggage, and articles worn or carried by people, vessels, vehicles, trains, and aircraft entering or leaving the United States. Federal Air Marshals provide air security by guarding against attacks targeting U.S. aircraft, passengers, and crews. U.S. Secret Service special agents and U.S. Secret Service uniformed officers protect the President, the Vice President, their immediate families, and other public officials. Secret Service special agents also investigate counterfeiting, forgery of Government checks or bonds, and fraudulent use of credit cards.
The Department of Homeland Security transferred functions from the Department of the Treasury, Justice, HHS, Defense, FBI, Secret Service, GSA, Energy, Agriculture, Transportation and the U.S. Coast Guard. The new organization is comprised of five major Directorates and the losing agency is listed in parentheses.
U.S. Custom Service (Treasury)
Immigration& Naturalization Service (Justice)
Federal Protective Service
Transportation Security (Transportation)
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (Justice)
Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service (Agriculture)
Office for Domestic Preparedness (Justice)
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Strategic National Stockpile & National Disaster Medical System (HHS)
Nuclear Incident Response Team (Energy)
Domestic Emergency Support Team (Justice)
National Domestic Preparedness Office (FBI)
Federal Computer Incident Response Center (GSA)
National Communications System (Defense)
National Infrastructure Protection Center (FBI)
Energy Security and Assurance Program (Energy)
CBRN Countermeasures Program (Energy)
Environmental Measurement Laboratory (Energy)
National BW Defense Analysis Center (Defense)
Plum Island Animal Disease Center (Agriculture)
The Secret Service and the Coast Guard are also with the DHS. They will remain intact and report directly to the Secretary. In addition, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) adjudications and benefits programs report direct to the Deputy Secretary as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service.
Other Federal agencies employ special agents and police that carry firearms and have arrest powers. These agencies include the Bureau of Indian Affairs Office of Law Enforcement, the Postal Service, the Forest Service, and the National Park Service.
The Book of U.S. Government Jobs describes the federal law enforcement field in depth with contact information, job descriptions, and internet links to agency recruiters. You will find information about specific organizations like Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms (ATF), U.S. Marshals, Investigators, the U.S. Secrete Service, Diplomatic Security, the National Park Service, US Border patrol, Federal Protective Services, CIA & FBI, and many more.
Median annual wages were $73,170 in Federal Government, $53,910 in State government, and $55,930 in local government. Median annual wages of detectives and criminal investigators exceeds $60,910. The middle 50 percent earned between $45,930 and $81,490. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $36,500, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $97,870.
Median annual wages were $48,960 in Federal Government, $50,440 in State government, and $35,810 in local government. Median annual wages of fish and game wardens exceeds $48,930. The middle 50 percent earned between $37,500 and $61,290. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $30,400, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $81,710.
Median annual wages of transit and railroad police exceeds $46,670. The middle 50 percent earned between $37,640 and $57,830. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $31,300, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $72,700. Median annual wages were $49,370 in State government, $43,720 in local government, and $56,300 in rail transportation.
Federal law provides special salary rates to Federal employees who serve in law enforcement. Additionally, Federal special agents and inspectors receive law enforcement availability pay (LEAP)—equal to 25 percent of the agent's grade and step—awarded because of the large amount of overtime that these agents are expected to work. Salaries were slightly higher in selected areas where the prevailing local pay level was higher. Because Federal agents may be eligible for a special law enforcement benefits package, applicants should ask their recruiter for more information.
In addition to the common benefits—paid vacation, sick leave, and medical and life insurance—most law enforcement careers provide officers with special allowances for uniforms an early 20 year retirement.
There are attractive federal law enforcement careers for public service because the jobs are challenging and involve much personal responsibility. Many law enforcement officer positions qualify for the Law Enforcement Officer (LEO) retirement program where they can retire after 20 years of service at age 50, or 25 years of service at any age. The number of qualified candidates exceeds the number of job openings in federal law enforcement agencies because of the attractive benefits and salaries that are offered. This results in higher hiring standards and employer selectivity. Competition is considerable for higher- paying jobs with both state and federal agencies and police departments in more affluent areas. The best opportunities are for those applicants with military police experience, college training in police science, or both.
Employment of detectives and police is anticipated to increase on pare with average for all occupations for the foreseeable future. Concerns about drug-related crimes and a more security-conscious society is contributing to increasing demand for police services. Federal level employment growth is the result of the war on terror; however, continuing budgetary constraints are a consideration for all law enforcement agencies. Keep these factors in mind when considering a federal law enforcement job.
Federal law enforcement work is often considered dangerous and very stressful. In addition to the obvious dangers associated with criminal confrontations, law enforcement officers must be constantly alert and ready to deal appropriately with a number of other threatening situations. Many law enforcement officers are confronted with situations that result in death and suffering from criminal behavior and accidents. Law enforcement careers often impact officers’ private lives.
Most officers work 40-hour weeks and are paid overtime. Shift work is essential to provide around the clock services. The newer recruits and officers frequently work weekends, holidays, and nights. Police officers and detectives are subject to work whenever their services are needed and they often work long hours during investigations. In most jurisdictions, whether on or off duty, officers are expected to be armed and to exercise their arrest authority whenever necessary.
Some federal agents such as DEA special agents and U.S. Secret Service agents travel on very short notice frequently. They may relocate a number of times over the course of their careers. Some special agents in agencies such as the Border Patrol work outdoors in rugged terrain for long periods and in all kinds of weather.
- Working Conditions
- Training and Qualifications Overview
- Job Outlook
- Information Resources - Further information about employment opportunities with specific agencies are included here. Use this information and the resources provided in Chapter Three and Appendix C of The Book of U.S. Government Jobs to research opportunities with all agencies. Also visit over 141 agency employment web sites.
- Qualification Standards
- Correctional Officers
- Criminal Investigators
- Airport Security Screener Positions
The Book of U.S. Government Jobs
Includes law enforcement job opportunities with all agencies
Available at bookstores, your local library,
or purchase a copy online.
The Book of U.S. Government Jobs includes information on medical requirements, interviews, required certificates, testing, applications, interviews, use of fire arms, age requirements and much more. Many libraries have this book in their reference section.Return to Top of Page